10 Most Common Dog Health Problems

Can you guess what the No. 1 most common condition is in dogs?

Take your dog to the vet immediately if their health seems to be going south. By: AOMSIN

What’s your best guess as to the most common health complaint for a dog?

Putting my thinking cap on, I see an awful lot of tummy upsets, ear infections and itchy dogs — oh yes, and anal glands. How could I forget anal glands? (Approaching things the other way round, the most common condition dogs have — but their people are not concerned about — is a dirty mouth and dental disease.)

I was therefore interested to come across this list of the 10 most common canine conditions. This was compiled by an insurance company and its analysis of the reason for claims. Since “common things are common,” let’s take a quick romp through the list (in reverse order).

10. Soft Tissue Injuries

This covers everything from strains and sprains to skin lacerations and fight wounds.

This group of conditions is largely “accidental” and part of being an active dog. Don’t let the risk of injury inhibit you from taking your pet pal out and about; after all, it’s what being a dog is all about.

9. Dental Disease

This is dental disease so severe that it requires medical and surgical intervention. This might be a broken tooth, gum disease or tooth root infection.

However, a huge percentage of dogs walk around with unrecognized dental disease. To check your dog’s dental health, do this simple sniff test: Put your nose next to the dog’s mouth, and what do you smell? If you recoil in disgust or start gagging, then odds are the dog has a dirty mouth that needs attention (and they’re just not complaining). Go visit your vet!

8. Urinary Tract Infections

Signs of a urinary tract infection or cystitis include the frequent need to pass water, discomfort when urinating or blood in the urine. If you notice any of these signs, seek urgent veterinary attention for the dog.

Not only is cystitis uncomfortable, but also the signs can be nonspecific. A dog may strain to urinate or try more often. More serious still is if a bladder stone or a plug of debris blocks the exit to the bladder. This needs urgent treatment, so don’t delay getting help.

7. Diarrhea

Diarrhea is a symptom rather than a diagnosis and has a wide variety of causes, some of which include:

If there’s no blood in the diarrhea and the dog is bright, then withhold food for 24 hours and reintroduce a bland diet for a few days. However, if there’s blood, vomiting or lethargy — or the dog seems otherwise unwell — then don’t wait. Get them checked by a vet.

Arthritis is a common condition among senior dogs these days. By: skeeze

6. Arthritis

Our dogs are living longer, so they are more likely to suffer from this common condition.

The good news is that there are now more ways than ever to give the dog back their quality of life. From pain-relieving medications to nutraceuticals that nourish the joints, physiotherapy, laser therapy or stem cell therapy, there are lots of options that can make a significant difference.

Some vets have special arthritis clinics to advise on how best to manage the patient’s mobility. Again, there are a surprising number of ways you can help at home, so if your vet isn’t clued up, then ask to be referred to a veterinary physiotherapist.

5. Vomiting

Vomiting should be taken seriously — the dog can quickly become dehydrated, which introduces a whole new set of problems.

As a rule of thumb, visit the vet if the dog is depressed and vomiting, vomiting for more than 4 hours and also has diarrhea — or you see blood.

This is another case of vomiting being a symptom rather than a diagnosis, with the causes including:

  • A foreign body in the gut
  • Parasites
  • Infections
  • Garbage gut
  • Pancreatitis
  • Disease elsewhere in the body that is causing toxicity (such as pyometra or kidney disease)

4. Benign Cancer

Benign cancer are those less serious tumors that are unlikely to spread to other parts of the body or cause serious harm. Typical examples include lipomas (fatty lumps) or harmless skin lumps.

That benign cancer that scores so highly up the list is actually quite encouraging because it indicates good vigilance for lumps and bumps on the part of clients. The good news is that it appears when the majority of those lumps were investigated, happily, they were less serious. It is pleasing to see that malignant cancer (aggressive cancers that spread and cause death) didn’t even make it into the top 10.

This means benign lumps are far more common than malignant ones (although you should never be complacent — always get any lump checked out).

Try brushing your dog’s teeth at home to avoid painful dental problems:

3. Hot Spots and Skin Infections

This just goes to prove how surprisingly fragile dog skin is. Canine skin is much thinner and less sophisticated than human skin, and when scratched or damaged, it’s more prone to infection. This makes sense — dogs also have a fur coat to protect their skin, making abrasions less likely.

However, you can help reduce the risk of skin infections by keeping their skin clean. Bathe the dog with a mild, moisturizing shampoo that helps wash bacteria from the skin’s surface and keep them cleaner. Also, if the dog gets a scratch or abrasion, bathe it with salty water to help prevent infection.

2. Ear Infections

Ear infections are whole topic in themselves — indeed, we recently covered treatment in this Petful article.

1. Skin Allergies (Atopy)

Wow! So our dogs’ most common problem is allergic skin disease. Interesting!

Actually, skin allergies have a strong hereditary basis, so it looks like we’re breeding more and more from dogs who have sensitivities and allergies. Signs of allergies include:

  • Excessive paw licking
  • Scooting and excessive bottom licking
  • Scratching
  • Chewing
  • Thickened skin
  • Hair loss secondary to scratching
  • Recurrent skin or ear infections

If your dog is super-itchy in the spring-summer but fine in the colder months, then they might well have allergic skin disease. The latter can only be controlled rather than cured. Helping a dog with allergies means a multifaceted approach by avoiding allergens, improving skin health and administering medication to reduce inflammation.

I wonder how skewed this list is because it was compiled by an insurance company. If you think about it, those little things, such as a runny eye or broken nail, may require only 1 visit. This means that a person is unlikely to put in a claim, so it won’t show on the insurance company’s data.

So what would be my guess of the most common condition that doesn’t show up on the stats? I’d say garbage gut that settles after 1 visit. Or full anal sacs.

Yep. Definitely anal sacs.


This pet health content was written by a veterinarian, Dr. Pippa Elliott, BVMS, MRCVS. It was last reviewed April 27, 2018.

Dr. Pippa Elliott, BVMS, MRCVS

View posts by Dr. Pippa Elliott, BVMS, MRCVS
Dr. Pippa Elliott, BVMS, MRCVS, is a veterinarian with nearly 30 years of experience in companion animal practice. Dr. Elliott earned her Bachelor of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery from the University of Glasgow. She was also designated a Member of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons. Married with 2 grown-up kids, Dr. Elliott has a naughty puggle called Poggle, 3 cats and a bearded dragon.

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