1. Presa Canario Characteristics
- AKC Group: Foundation Stock Service
- Height: 21–25 inches
- Weight: 80–100 pounds
- Life Expectancy: 9–11 years
The American Kennel Club (AKC) labels the presa canario — nicknamed “presa,” “Canary dog” and simply “perro canario” — as a Foundation Stock Service breed. This allows the breed the umbrella of the AKC’s security to continue to develop, but these dogs are not eligible for AKC registration.
The head is massive and compact, covered in loose skin and squarish. This breed has a pronounced furrow between the frontal lobes that is about two-thirds the width of the skull.
The dogs have large, oval-shaped eyes that are set well apart. The eye color is dark to medium brown. The ears are medium-sized and fall on each side of the head. The tail has a thick base that tapers to the tip.
The coat is coarse and short without an undercoat. Coat colors come in all shades of brindle, from warm dark brown to pale gray or blond and all shades of fawn to sandy. There may be white marks on the chest, at the base of the neck or throat, forefeet and toes of hind feet. This breed has a mask that is always black and should not spread above eye level.
2. Where the Presa Canario Came From
The presa canario originated in Spain in Tenerife and Gran Canaria (Canary Islands).
It is believed to be the result of mating between the majorero, a dog indigenous to these islands, and other molossoids introduced to the Canary Islands. There are references to a similar type of dog from the 1500s.
In the book Perro de Presa Canario, author Manuel Curto Gracia examines this breed: “Since the days of conquest and colonization, the Canary prey dogs became important for the services they offered to inhabitants. The people used the dogs to immobilize cattle for the slaughter, to hunt wild dogs and, later, to guard and drive the cattle.”
Gracia adds that although there is no concrete proof of the presa existing before the 1800s, the dogs back then in that region likely closely resembled the presa canario.
3. How Friendly Is a Presa Canario?
The presa canario is affectionate and alert. This breed has a deep and intimidating bark, although the dogs are pretty quiet in general.
The presa is confident, calm, devoted and vigilant. Obedient with family members, these dogs may act suspicious around strangers. Good, early socialization can help them adapt to new people and situations.
Presas make for excellent guard dogs — their large appearance alone is intimidating, and their hyperawareness makes them stand ready to defend people or property.
4. Is This the Right Dog for You?
HIGH: The presa needs a long daily walk or jog to help him burn off some energy. Bred as a working dog, the presa is very happy if given a task. If not exercised thoroughly, he can become bored and therefore destructive.
This breed is an excellent competitor in a wide range of fields, from obedience to Iron Dog competitions to agility and more. Having your presa train and compete in any of these fields will help keep your dog trim and healthy.
LOW: Presas have a short, easy-to-groom coat. Weekly brushings or combings followed by a quick swipe of a towel will leave your dog gleaming. Bathe as necessary but no more than once a month. The coat is not suited to colder climates.
HIGH: Several health issues have been noted in this breed, including:
- Hip and elbow dysplasia
- Canine epilepsy
- Osteochondritis dessecans
- Patellar luxation
- Ruptured anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)
- Demodectic mange
Even as puppies, presa canarios are muscular:
5. Where to Adopt a Presa Canario
You can find many of these dogs at rescues and in shelters across the United States waiting for their forever home. Check with local rescues to find your special canine friend.
Buying from a breeder? If you must, be sure to ask for health information and get documentation — again, this breed is prone to several health problems. Investigate your chosen breeder thoroughly to avoid supporting puppy mills.