5 Things to Know About Pomeranians

If you like small, fluffy bundles of affection, a Pomeranian might be the perfect dog for you.

These little dogs have big personalities. Photo: Sutichak Yachiangkham
AKC GroupAKC Group
3-7 lbs.
6-8 in.
Life ExpectancyLife Span
12-16 years

1. Key Characteristics of Pomeranians

Pomeranians are compact dogs with thick double coats and large, fanned tails that lie on their back.

The most popular Pomeranian colors are orange and red, but these dogs come in an array of colors, patterns and variations.

2. Where Pomeranians Came From

Amazingly, the Pomeranian used to be a 30-pound dog used in sheep herding in Pomerania (now Germany and Poland).

The breed wasn’t overly popular until England’s Queen Victoria brought one back from Italy in 1888. The American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized Pomeranians later that year.

Pomeranians love to be the center of attention. Photo: Wassana S.

3. How Friendly Are Pomeranians?

As extroverts, Pomeranians like to be the center of attention. Intelligent dogs who aim to please, they can be trained in a variety of tricks.

They are also loyal and develop strong bonds with their families. They are usually affectionate, and most are good with children.

Although toy breeds have a reputation of being barkers, Pomeranians bark no more or less than other dogs and, again, can be trained.

One fascinating habit of the Pomeranian is the tendency to adopt the energy levels of their people, or copy their people’s behaviors.

4. Is This the Right Dog for You?

Exercise Needs


LOW: Pomeranians don’t need a lot of exercise, but they are energetic and require a lot of attention.

“Although Poms generally do not try to run away, they must never be allowed to run loose. For their size, they are amazingly fast and have no comprehension of the danger of cars or other animals. When exercising outdoors, they should either be in an enclosed area or on a leash,” says the American Pomeranian Club.

“Poms enjoy the outdoors when you are outdoors with them; however, their proper general housing must be indoors with their human family.”

Grooming Needs


HIGH: Pomeranians are famous for their fluffy coats. Regular brushing, bathing every few weeks and keeping the nails trimmed will keep these little dogs in top shape.

Use a hypoallergenic dog shampoo on your Pomeranian and comb the fur when it’s wet (this can be more difficult when the fur is dry, but if you’re between baths, spray the fur with water and comb through).

Have your veterinarian give the dog teeth cleanings as needed. Some Pomeranians experience excessive tartar buildup.

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Health Problems


MEDIUM: The most common health afflictions in Pomeranians include:

  • Cataracts
  • Collapsed trachea
  • Distichiasis (eyelashes grow incorrectly)
  • Shriveled ears
  • Entropion (eyelids roll inward)
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Luxating patella (knee joint problem from malformation or injury)
  • Pituitary dwarfism (cannot produce sufficient growth hormones)
  • Seizures

The best approach to Pomeranian health is prevention and recognition. Keep your vet appointments; provide appropriate protection for heartworm and fleas; keep vaccinations current; feed quality food; and pay attention to unusual growths, odors or facial discharges.

More Stats About Pomeranians

Friendliness ★★★☆☆
Ease of Training ★★★★☆
Barking/Howling ★★★★★
Shedding ★★★★☆
Tolerate Being Alone ★☆☆☆☆
Very Good With Kids ★★★☆☆

Learn a little more about Pomeranians in this video:

YouTube player

5. How to Adopt a Pomeranian

Pomeranians may be a little difficult to find, but please check animal shelters and rescue organizations first. Start your search here.

If you decide to go through a breeder, do your homework so you don’t end up accidentally supporting a puppy mill.