Breed Profile: Pomeranian

If you like small, fluffy bundles of affection, a pomeranian might be the perfect dog for you.

Big love in a small package.


Pomeranian, a.k.a. pom



Physical Description

Pomeranians are compact dogs ranging from 3 to 7 pounds with a fox-like facial structure. They have a thick double coat and have a large fanned tail that lies on their back. The most popular colors are orange and red, but they can have an array of colors, patterns and variations.


The pomeranian used to be a 30-pound dog used in sheep herding in Pomerania (now Germany and Poland). The breed wasn’t overly popular until England’s Queen Victoria brought one back from Italy in 1888. The breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club later that year.


Poms are companion pets and active competitors in dog shows. The ideal weight ranges from 4 to 6 pounds for competition poms.


Extroverts, poms like to be the center of attention. They are intelligent dogs who aim to please and can be trained in a variety of tricks. They are also loyal and develop strong bonds with their families. Although most toy breeds get thought of as barkers, poms bark no more or less than other dogs and can be trained. They can also be affectionate, and most are good with children. One interesting and common habit of the pomeranian is the tendency to adopt the energy levels and copy behaviors from people.

Exercise Needs

Poms don’t need a lot of exercise but are energetic and require a lot of attention.

Grooming Requirements

Poms are famous for their fluffy coats and require some maintenance to keep their fur in top shape. Regular brushing, bathing every few weeks and keeping the nails trimmed are essential tasks. Use a hypo-allergenic dog shampoo and comb the fur when it is wet (it can be more difficult when dry, but if you are in between baths, spray the fur with water and comb through).

A teeth cleaning should be performed by your veterinarian as needed, and this should not be avoided; some poms experience excessive tartar buildup.

Common Health Problems

The most common health afflictions include:

  • Cataracts
  • Collapsed trachea
  • Distichiasis (eyelashes grow incorrectly)
  • Shriveled ears
  • Entropion (eyelids roll inward)
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Luxating patella (knee joint problem from malformation or injury)
  • Pituitary dwarfism (cannot produce sufficient growth hormones)
  • Seizures

The best approach to pomeranian health is prevention and recognition. Keep your veterinarian appointments, provide appropriate protection for heartworms and fleas, keep vaccinations current, feed quality food and pay attention for unusual growths, odors or facial discharges.

Is the Pomeranian the Right Dog for You?

Pomeranians do require more maintenance than other dogs, but once in a routine it is very manageable. The small dogs are loyal, loving and affectionate and will create an incredible bond with you. Poms live an average of 12–16 years, so your little bundle of fluffy love is bound to be around for years.

Additional Resources

Photos: K3ntFIN (top), brykmantra/Flickr

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