5 Things to Know About American Bobtails

American Bobtails are intelligent cats with short tails, and they are known to have dog-like personalities.

1. Key Characteristics

  • Weight: 7–11 pounds for females; 12–16 pounds for males
  • Life Expectancy: 15 years

The American Bobtail is a medium to large cat with a naturally short tail.

The cat is native to North America and resembles a wild cat in appearance because of their almond-shaped eyes.


They are muscular and graceful felines with affectionate dispositions and higher-than-average intelligence. They reach maturity between 2 and 3 years old.

The coat comes in 2 lengths and is either short or medium-long. Coats can be any pattern or color, allowing a great variety in the breed.

2. Where They Came From

John and Brenda Sanders were vacationing in Arizona in the late 1960s when they discovered a brown kitten with a shortened tail.

They named him Yodi and took him home with them to Iowa. The couple’s existing cat, a mixed-breed domestic cat named Mishi, was romanced by Yodi when he was a little older.

Their kittens had the same short tail as Yodi had, and friends quickly took notice. Several of the kittens were crossed with longhaired color point cats to produce the first American Bobtail cats.

The early Bobtails had specific color characteristics, but these were too difficult to replicate to use as a standard. Eventually, the breed was listed as having any acceptable coat color and pattern.

The International Cat Association recognized the breed in 1989. The Cat Fanciers’ Association soon followed suit.

American Bobtails generally have short tails. By: gazeronly (Top: Serhii Kucher)

3. How Friendly Are They?

Bobtails are loving and affectionate cats, and tend to become attached to the entire family instead of just one person.

They prefer to spend time with their family instead of being alone, but they are not demanding.

Their short tails “wag” according to their moods, and they are comfortable with children, other pets and dogs.

Bobtails are intelligent and can be taught to walk on a leash, play fetch and hide-and-seek, and perform other tricks. Some people report their Bobtails act more like dogs than cats by coming when called or following them around.

They are considered quiet cats, though they use trilling and chirping to communicate.

4. Is This the Right Cat for You?

Exercise Needs


MEDIUM: This breed is active indoors and usually playful, and you can take them for walks outside on a leash. Provide a consistent amount of food each day, and introduce toys and towers to keep your cat active.

Puzzle toys can provide extra mental stimulation for this smart breed.

If you notice weight gain, increase your cat’s exercise with these tips. It’s also a good idea to have the cat checked out by a veterinarian as well as having a review of the quality of the cat food you provide.

Bobtails are nimble and creative cats. Many people report that their Bobtails are masters at escaping carriers and closed rooms. They are great to travel with and adapt easily to new surroundings.

Keeping your Bobtail primarily indoors is the safest option to protect against attacks by other animals or reduce the chance of disease.

Grooming Needs


MEDIUM: Both coat varieties of the Bobtail are double coats, and they are easy to maintain.

Brush your Bobtail a few times a week, and bathe them only occasionally. When a regular grooming routine is in place, the coat is less likely to tangle or mat. Shedding may increase during the spring or fall seasons.

Provide scratching surfaces to help keep the nails maintained between trimmings. Check the eyes and ears for discharge or buildup, and clean the teeth regularly to prevent periodontal disease.

Health Problems



Boomer, meaning “full-grown kangaroo,” is a great male dog name for dogs who are tough or outgoing.


MEDIUM: Some Bobtails are born without tails and may suffer from additional health problems due to a malformed spine.

Other than typical cat health problems, Bobtails are generally a healthy breed.

Too cute! Check out this video of Iggy, an American Bobtail:

5. Where to Adopt One

American Bobtails do end up in shelters and rescues. Check adoption and rescue resources first, and check out our adoption search (select the “Cats” tab).

If you decide to get your Bobtail through a breeder, review the warning signs to ensure the breeder is not operating a kitten mill.

Additional Resources

Kristine Lacoste

View posts by Kristine Lacoste
Kristine Lacoste, editor in chief of Petful, has been researching dog and cat breeds for nearly a decade and has observed the animals up close at dog shows in both the United States and the United Kingdom. She is the author of the book One Unforgettable Journey, which was nominated for a Maxwell Award from the Dog Writers Association of America, and was host of a weekly pet news segment on the National K-9 Academy Radio Show. In addition, she was the New Orleans coordinator for Dogs on Deployment, a nonprofit that helps military members and their pets, for 3 years. Kristine has researched and written about pet behaviors and care for many years. She holds a bachelor’s degree in psychology, another bachelor’s degree in English and a Master of Business Administration degree.

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