Breed Profile: Pembroke Welsh Corgi

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is much like the cardigan welsh corgi, but with a shorter body and straighter legs. Read our Pembroke Welsh Corgi breed profile.

Pembroke Welsh Corgi breed profile. By: 50-phi/Flickr

Breed

Pembroke Welsh Corgi

Group

Herding

Physical Description

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is much like the Cardigan Welsh Corgi, but with a shorter body and straighter legs, although it is like its cousin: 10–12 inches tall at the shoulder. Males weigh an average of 27 pounds, females 25.

The Pembroke’s ears stand straight up and come to a point; It retains the fox-like look that is associated with both corgis. This dog has a naturally short tail that in the past was often additionally docked. (However, it should be noted that docking of dogs’ tails is discouraged.)

Unlike the Cardigan, which can be any color, the Pembroke breed standard requires that the animal be red, sable, fawn, or black and tan. White markings are optional.

They live an average of 11–13 years.

Origin

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi came to the United Kingdom in 1107 with Flemish weavers. The dogs made themselves useful as farm dogs, especially in the area of cattle herding. The breed entered the show arena in England in 1926, then in 1934 in the United States.

  • Fun Fact: Pembroke Welsh Corgis are a favorite of Queen Elizabeth II.

Purpose

These little dogs were bred to be excellent farmhands. They can round up all sorts of livestock.

With their feisty little personalities and short stature, they are effective cattle drivers, a skill that was much in demand in 10th-century England. They were also used to herd Welsh ponies.

In modern times, these herding dogs excel in the field of canine agility and obedience, as well as herding competitions.

Temperament

Extremely friendly and family oriented, this little dog is easy to train. The Pembroke is intelligent and sensitive. Very little physical correction is needed to train these dogs. They like to have a job, so it’s important to give them tasks to complete.

For some people this simply means teaching the dog a few tricks; for others it means extensive agility training or herding competitions. Just make sure that you don’t leave this dog to its own devices. Unlike other breeds, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi has been bred for almost 1,000 years to be a working companion dog.

Exercise Needs

The Pembroke needs at least an hour a day of exercise in a varied routine, unless you have a back yard.

Don’t let this put you off, though. Exercise does not mean you need to jog for an hour with these canines. Simply spend time with them every day doing something active — going for a walk, obedience training in the living room or back yard, or just some plain old play time.

Check out this quick video of a corgi herding cattle with a Border Collie:

Grooming Requirements

The Pembroke has a double coat — an outside coat that covers a dense but soft undercoat. To keep this dog clean and healthy, brush it once a week and bathe (with dog grooming products) once a month. If your dog gets dirty often, a water bath with the garden hose will suffice to keep the mud outside and off your sofa.

These dogs, like any other, require all the regular maintenance that any dog needs — ear cleaning, teeth brushing, nail trimming and regular vet visits.

Common Health Problems

Intervertebral disc disease, hip dysplasia, epilepsy, vWD (von Willebrand’s disease, a blood disease similar to hemophilia), skin fragility, PRA (progressive retinal atrophy), lens luxation and urolithiasis (kidney stones) are all sometimes seen in the breed.

The primary problems with the pembroke corgi are inherited. Other than rare inherited problems — which can often be avoided by going to a responsible breeder — these dogs are sturdy and healthy.

Is the Pembroke Welsh Corgi the Right Dog for You?

They’re great friends to anyone — singletons and families, young or old. They are outgoing and enjoy the company of people. They are eager to please their human companions.

Adopt, Don’t Buy

Please check adoption resources first. Try Petful’s pet adoption page. (You can filter your results by breed and ZIP code.)

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