Cat Breed Profile: Russian Blue

These cats are happy to entertain themselves, making them a great choice for families with busy schedules.

Russian blue cats have vivid green eyes. By: dstrelau
Russian blue cats have vivid green eyes. By: dstrelau


Russian blue

Physical Description

The Russian blue is a medium-sized, graceful cat with a blue coat and beautiful green eyes. The short coat has silver-tipped blue fur and deep, vivid emerald eyes. The ears are large and flared, and the head is wedge-shaped. Weight varies between 10 and 14 pounds, and the average life expectancy for this breed ranges from 15 to 20 years.


Russian blue cats originated from the Russian port of Arkhangelsk, and for this reason they are also known as the Archangel cats. At the port the cats boarded boats with sailors, and this is how they navigated to other parts of Europe. The Russian blue was in attendance at the first cat shows in England around 1880. They were later assigned to a different category, the Foreign Blue, in 1912.

World War II dwindled the number of Russian blue cats, but breeders in England, Finland and Scandinavia crossed in different cats to try to preserve the breed. Russian blue cats appeared in the United States of America in the early 1900s.


The Russian blue is a companion pet and may participate in conformation.


Russian blues are intelligent cats; they like to play fetch and are playful. They are quite happy to entertain themselves, so they are less needy than other cat breeds. They can be reserved with strangers, but once they approve of you they will be very affectionate.

They are not overly noisy but will respond when talked to by people. They get along with other pets and children, although children should always be supervised around animals. They can be sensitive to tone of voice and mood, so keep this in mind during training and everyday interaction.

The actions and movements of a Russian blue cat can also be calculated and methodical. This video shows Herbie, a Russian blue cat, interacting with another Russian blue:

Exercise Needs

Despite having elegant and sophisticated movement, the Russian blue loves to play and fetch similar to the Manx cat breed. They should have a scratching post and be kept indoors. Food intake should be regulated and monitored to prevent obesity.

Russian blue cats don’t have specific exercise needs in addition to those of regular cats. Their physical activity should be similar to that of their feline counterparts (sleeping long hours, playing, running and jumping).

Don’t Miss: 10 Fresh and Easy Ways to Exercise a Cat

Grooming Requirements

This cat breed only needs minimal grooming. Brushing can be done once or twice per week to maintain the coat and remove dead fur. The Russian blue cat can be particular about a dirty litter box, so extra care may be needed to keep it clean. The teeth should be brushed regularly, as well as trimming the nails and cleaning the ears.

Common Health Problems

Russian blue cats are a healthy breed and do not have any health concerns outside of normal problems that would affect any breed of cat. There are no notable inherited genetic problems.

Is the Russian Blue the Right Cat for You?

Russian blue cats are elegant and beautiful cats with vivid green eyes. They can be reserved with strangers but will become attached to family members. If they trust you they can be affectionate.

They love to play and enjoy a game of fetch. They get along with other pets and are great with children. They are not prone to separation anxiety and have been said to entertain themselves on occasion, so this breed is a good option for people with busy schedules.

They can be sensitive to tone of voice and mood, so this needs to be kept in mind when interacting with your cat. Grooming and health concerns are minimal for this breed, making their maintenance easy. If you are looking for an intelligent and affectionate cat who can be alone throughout the day, the Russian blue would be a great cat breed to consider.

Adopt, Don’t Buy

Purebred cats can and do end up in shelters and rescues. Start with our adoptable pet search (choose the cat tab) or check your local rescues and shelters. If you do decide to check out breeders, get to know them and ensure they are not operating a kitten mill.

Additional Resources

Kristine Lacoste

View posts by Kristine Lacoste
Kristine Lacoste, editor in chief of Petful, is an author, poet and pet lover from Louisiana. She is the author of an award-nominated book, One Unforgettable Journey, and was host of a weekly pet news segment on the National K-9 Academy Radio Show. She was the New Orleans coordinator for Dogs on Deployment, a nonprofit that helps military members and their pets, for 3 years. She is also employed as chief operating officer for a large mental health practice in Louisiana. Kristine has a bachelor’s degree in psychology, a bachelor’s degree in English and a Master of Business Administration degree.

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