1. Key Characteristics of a Borzoi
- AKC Group: Hound
- Height: 28–33 inches (male); 26 inches (female)
- Weight: 75–105 pounds (male); 60–85 pounds (female)
- Life Expectancy: 9–12 years
This is a sight hound with graceful and elegant movements capable of chasing prey over long distances.
The long, silky coat may be flat or textured and in any colors.
2. Where the Borzoi Came From
Russian royals originally called the Borzoi the Russian Wolfhound and bred them as early as the 1200s, when they were present at hunting expeditions during the rule of Genghis Khan.
The dogs chased hares for sport in the mid-1200s, and the breed standard was written in 1650. Hunting with Borzois increased in 1861. Kennels bred a large number of them to hunt wolves and other wild animals.
The Borzoi appeared in the United States in 1889. Two years later, the American Kennel Club (AKC) accepted the breed, which is still used today to control coyote populations in some areas.
The name was changed in 1936 based on the Russian word borzii, meaning swift.
3. How Friendly Is a Borzoi?
Borzois are sweet, intelligent dogs who are loyal and affectionate toward their families. They rarely bark, and they clean themselves in a catlike manner.
Socialize your Borzoi with cats and other pets as soon as possible, but don’t leave these animals alone with them. Same goes for young children — Borzois may inadvertently knock them over.
Borzois see smaller animals as prey and will likely chase after them — and, boy, these dogs are fast! Don’t let yours roam outdoors without being contained. Unfortunately, the Borzoi is known to be stubborn.
4. Is This the Right Dog for You?
HIGH: Take these energetic dogs on long daily walks or jogging, and off-leash exercise is a great addition if your dog won’t bolt.
The biggest danger to a prey-driven dog is a car. These dogs are so focused on their prey that they’re unaware of the dangers around them. Make sure your backyard fence is high enough that your Borzoi just clear it in a single bound.
MEDIUM: Grooming a Borzoi is easy when you do it regularly. Brush your Borzoi daily and use a dry shampoo as needed.
Provide baths when your Borzoi needs them, but you might find bathing these dogs difficult because of the breed’s large size. Shedding is seasonal.
Trim the hair between the toes. The nails, ears and teeth require regular maintenance as well.
MEDIUM: The Borzoi has a few health concerns:
- Bloat and torsion
- Sensitivity to drugs/anesthesia
- Hip dysplasia
- Retinal atrophy (eye problems)
- Osteocondritis dissecans (joint problems)
Here’s a collection of short clips of a Borzoi named Esper — such a spaz:
5. How to Adopt a Borzoi
Check for existing dogs who need a home before buying. Use our free online dog adoption search or check with local rescues.
If you decide to go with a breeder, read this list of puppy mill warning signs to ensure your chosen breeder is reputable.