1. Key Characteristics
- AKC Group: Miscellaneous Class, Hound Group Designation
- Height: 23–27 inches (female); 25–29 inches (male)
- Weight: 33–44 pounds (female); 44–55 pounds (male)
- Life Expectancy: 12–15 years
The Azawakh, a.k.a. the Tuareg Sloughi, is a tall, elegant, rare sighthound.
These dogs were originally companions and guardians to nomads and prized for their excellent hunting skills.
They have short, fine coats that can include any colors, color combinations or markings, the most common being red, sand, fawn, brindle, blue, black, brown and predominantly white with colors.
The eyes are large and almond-shaped, and the pendant ears are triangular and set high. The tail is low and thin, and the neck is long, giving the dog a thin, elongated appearance.
2. Where They Came From
Azawakhs originated in the Sahel region and the South Sahara in Africa.
The dogs’ reputation as nomadic companions also suggests they are an ancient breed. They share characteristics and heritage with the Saluki and Sloughi.
Tuareg nomads called them idii n’ illeli, meaning “sighthound of the free people.”
Living with the nomads was a comfortable life — the dogs were treated like family members and lived inside their families’ homes. They protected the camp and the livestock and also hunted hares, antelope and boars.
The Azawakh breed was introduced into the United States in the 1980s. The breed was added to the American Kennel Club’s Foundation Stock Service in 1997, and the American Azawakh Association was founded the next year.
3. How Friendly Are They?
Although Azawakhs are playful, affectionate and energetic, they are known for their fierce loyalty and exceptional protectiveness of family members and their homes.
They can be reserved with strangers, so start training and socialization as early as possible.
Azawakhs have strong hunting and guarding instincts and are fast and attentive.
This is a highly intelligent breed and can be independent at times. The dogs like to be in charge and will try to obtain an alpha dog position if other canines are in the home.
They adapt and travel well, but you shouldn’t leave them crated for extended times.
4. Is This the Right Dog for You?
HIGH: Azawakhs have keen vision, speed and stamina. They are agile with high endurance and must have daily exercise.
They should be leashed or exercised in an enclosed area because of their strong hunting instincts. Otherwise, they may view smaller animals as prey and chase them.
This breed is good for joggers and does best with a yard, although the Azawakh can thrive in an apartment if exercise needs are met.
LOW: The short coat needs only occasional brushing or rubbing with a grooming glove. Bathe your Azawakh as necessary, but their sensitive skin requires a mild, hypoallergenic shampoo.
HIGH: Azawakh dogs have a number of health issues to be aware of, including:
- Sensitive to weather extremes, particularly cold or wet weather
- Lack of exercise may cause obesity and lethargy or hyperactivity and destructiveness
- Sensitive skin
- Autoimmune thyroiditis (may cause hypothyroidism)
- Demodectic mange
- Cardiac problems
Check out this video of a very talkative Azawakh:
5. Where to Adopt One?
Although the Azawakh is a rare breed, purebred dogs can sometimes be found in shelters and rescues. Start with our adoptable dog search first and check your local resources.